By 18th century the Pearls fishing became the main culture of the region. In the grand season from May to August nearly 74,000 crew and divers boats went Pearls fishing in the banks of the Gulf every year.
The pearling Industry was established and there was rise of multiple trading and Pearling centers on the Arabian coast. These trends largely contributed to the development of towns and trading posts.
Most of the Pearls from the region were exported to India, Persia and Turkey and were ultimately sold to European and Chinese markets. These growth led to trading centers in countries such as Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah.